Meme Me Some Pajama Bottom

What is a meme? It is an idea, behavior, style that spreads from one person to another within a culture. In other words it is sort of like an inside joke that only you and your friends know something about. It is a picture chosen to represent a thought and usually a few words making a statement. Some are funny, some serious, some are generated to capture your attention about a cause.

I created a meme about a pet peeve of mine:

pajamas arent pantsOne of my favorite television shows is Big Bang Theory. Sheldon is very intelligent and his sense of humor is somewhat dry. I chose him to represent my meme because of the look on his face and his “geek” personality. In my mind, I could picture him telling Penny, another actor on the show what NOT to wear!

People no longer face the same social pressures they would have centuries ago, or even a couple decades ago.

That social pressure, the unwritten rules about how someone should or should not dress, has always existed, said Susan Kaiser, a University of California, Davis, professor in textiles and clothing, and women and gender studies.

“Clothing has been described as a broadcast signal, the way it communicates,” Kaiser said. “We know (an appropriate outfit) when we see it. When something doesn’t look quite right, then we notice that.”


That knowledge is called a social norm, she said, and the norms surrounding fashion incorporate the function of clothing as well as the cultural attitudes of the day. Celebrities also help promote our fashion trends.

Personally, I do not understand todays social norm thinking it is acceptable to wear pajamas out in public. While shopping one morning at Kohl’s, I noticed a young girl who was about 14 years old shopping with her mom. She looked as if she had just gotten out bed and did not feel the need to get dressed. She was wearing Hello Kitty pajama pants, a camisole, and flip-flops. When did it become the norm to go out in public wearing pajamas? Did I miss something here?

Or are we starting a new fashion. If so; then why should any of us bother to get dressed in the morning? What differentiates daytime clothing from night time attire? I found this great article on the history of pajamas because I was curious about where did pajamas originate from!

But my opinion will not change…Pajama bottoms..are not pants people.

I understand everyone is entitled to the freedom of dressing how they choose. However, going out in public wearing pajamas is not acceptable unless you are under the age of 2. Guess I’m just old fashioned.


Folk ART is…


  • Folk art is the art of the everyday.
  • Folk art is rooted in traditions that come from culture and community.
  • Folk art conveys shared values and aesthetics within a culture.
  • Folk art mirrors traditional art forms of diverse community groups-ethic, religious, geographical, age, gender, and tribal who identify with each other and society at large.
  • Folk art is created by individuals who artistic skills express their community’s authentic cultural identity rather than an individuals identity.
  • Folk artists typically learn skills and techniques through apprenticeships in informal community settings, they may also be formally educated.
  • Folk art cultivates connections between art and people with a creative spirit that unites all the cultures of the world.

There are many types of folk art: Chinese, African, American, and more…

I want to share how folk art has changed in our society, from Native American Indian folk art to  Vloggers. All expressing  themselves in unique ways.

One example of folk art culture is Native American Indian art. For hundreds of years, Native American’s have used art forms  to express their own ideas and beliefs. Symbols such as bears, eagles, wolves, or people are used in the culture to tell stories or have special meaning. Look at the Indian Symbols and their meanings chart below. The idiom,” A picture can say a thousand words,” well, in Native American culture it truly can. Can you write a story or share an idea using only symbols? Try it!

Symbols used in folk art relate a meaningful story in Native American Indian cultures.

Native Americans also use rocks, feathers, clay, cloth and grasses to create art. Basket weaving among native American’s not only is a popular form of art work but served dual purpose in every day life. Baskets were weaved from cornhusks and reeds, they are used to transport fruit and vegetables.

Totem poles are probably the most elaborate form of Native American Art. These huge wooden sculptures represented generations of family members. Each “face” in the totem pole was a different representation, ranging from animals’ faces to people faces, and wings would often be protruding from the totem pole as well. This has long been a symbol of Native American heritage, and a truly important part of their culture of art.

Today, new forms of folk art are evolving in our pop culture. Social video sites like YouTube have given people the ability to express themselves in a whole new way – vlogging. People can sit down in front of their video or web cameras and talk about anything, from politics to pop culture, upload their videos to YouTube and share their opinions with the world.

Vidcon is a muti-genre online video conference, held annually in Southern California since 2010. The conference is the largest of its kind on the world, where numerous online video viewers, creators, and industry representatives gather to share videos, sign autographs, and discuss the future of YouTube.

This new form of culture expression is using media technology instead of basket weaving, symbols or totem poles to share ideas and beliefs. Vlogging as a new folk art form belongs to the  participatory culture explained by theorist, Henry Jenkins in Convergence Culture. Either way, people will express themselves for all eternity, as Marshall  McLuhan states, ” The medium is the message.” Folk art is the medium used to share a message.

Just Another Transmedia Story…


According to Henry Jenkins the author of Convergence Culture Where Old and New Media Collide:

“Transmedia storytelling represents a process where integral elements of a fiction get dispersed systematically across multiple delivery channels for the purpose of creating a unified and coordinated entertainment experience. Ideally, each medium makes it own unique contribution to the unfolding of the story.”


Jenkins explains this process by using The Matrix as a prime example. The Matrix comprises of three action films, a series of animated shorts, comic book stories, and video games. It is taking one story or story world and breaking it into pieces to a large audience through the artful and well thought out use of multiple media mix. Is transmedia storytelling more interested in creating “art,” or is this a concept rooted more closely in commerce? I think transmedia storytelling is a creative expression of art. The creation is started with an idea that the artist is able to paint into a story. A story that builds characters and worlds. Building a narrative that expands into more ideas for more creations. However, transmedia in our pop culture is strongly market-centric. But without the creation of the idea, in the mind of the artist or storyteller, there would be no market. Art is first created with an idea the market follows second.

Take a look at “What Is Transmedia”

Sound transmedia validates and compliments the expression and participation of audience members. This is done through social media, and sometimes-creative expression of fans can take the form of YouTube videos or fan fiction published on the web. Game designer Neil Young coined the term, “additive comprehension,” to refer to the ways that each new texts adds a new piece of information which forces us to revise our understanding of the fiction as a whole. His example was the addition of an image of an origami unicorn to the director’s cut edition of Bladerunner, an element which raised questions about whether the protagonist might be a replicant.”


Throughout the Blade Runner movie, Gaff (Edward James Olmos) makes subtle indirect comments about Deckard using Origami (Japanese paper folding).

Notable recent examples of transmedia entertainment franchises include Hunger Games. The Hunger games started as an adventure novel by Suzanne Collins, book trilogy series, a movie, several movie sequels, online gaming and merchandise. All fan driven and desired across several entertainment media mediums.  Neil Young stated,  ”We’re doing online entertainment.” That means, he said, creating online experiences that ”blend storytelling and game play and communications and bringing them alive over the Internet.”

So here are 11 Things You Didn’t  Know About the Hunger Games…

In Ten Years Television will Look Like…..

televison or internet meme

Do you wonder what the future of broadcast television will look like in 10 years? Television as we know will continue to evolve just like all technology. Currently we are able to access media content through many kinds of sources, smart phones, tablets, and laptops. You can watch TV shows without a television set or cable connection. The Internet has opened up new doors for streaming television content. Wi-Fi is virtually everywhere. Cable companies such as Comcast will take technology into the cloud eliminating the ugly black cable box. The consumer will have access to what they want to watch, whenever they want to watch it and if one company fails to give it to them, they will click, tap and search until they find a company that will.

Comcast Cable CEO Neil Smit envisions a world where video is available absolutely everywhere. “You’ll never have to wait to watch whatever you want on any screen … whether that’s your TV, phone, fridge, wall, dashboard or mirror,” he said. People will be able to watch what they want without a television schedule.

 Which kinds of stories will we tell, how will they integrate the contributions of knowledge communities, and how will they monetize their content? Television once focused around the single screen. Now television storytelling can be boosted among multiple screens simultaneously because of the omniplatform environment. This omniplatform evolution will play a role in changing content creation, preparation, sales, marketing, and distribution. 


According to wired, The omniplatform environment, and viewers’ expectations of control, will also impact the story arc through social interaction. Viewers increasingly want to be a part of the experience. Content producers will need to convince the creative community of the merits of choice-based stories, and the IT community of making it technically scalable and cost effective.

Remote controls and channel guides will all be a thing of the past. Smart phones, tablets, laptops, smart televisions will know a viewer’s habits and deliver customized programming to match the viewers preferences. A viewer will be capable of watching an entire television series in one day or weekend with streaming media providers, DVRS, and media libraries.

Here is more about the future of television:

Knowledge Community and Mass Culture

What is the difference between a knowledge community and mass culture?

What is knowledge? According to Webster’s Dictionary, knowledge is “the fact or condition of knowing something with familiarity gained through experience or association”.

Dicapero meme

According to Gartner a knowledge community is,”A group of people within an enterprise who engage in knowledge-sharing activities in support of a common work interest (shared responsibility for a business process, a product or service, or a project). The KC may include people from multiple disciplines within the enterprise, as well as extended-enterprise participants (service providers, supply-chain partners or customers).”


Pierre Levy is a French philosopher, and cultural theorist who specializes in understanding  what is behind cultural and cognitive implications of digital technology and the phenomenon of human collective intelligence. He argues that,” No one knows everything, everyone knows something, all knowledge resides in humanity.” In other words, what we cannot do on our own or know, we are able to do collectively as a group or community.

Let's share what we both know

Let’s share what we both know

In Convergence Culture by Henry Jenkins, he explains that a new knowledge community has arisen as our ties to older forms of social interacting has changed such as our society becoming more mobile, our connections to extended family members and our nuclear family are diminishing, and our allegiances to nation-states are being redefined. New types of communities are forming. The members of these new communities may shift from one group to another as their personal interests and needs change. They also might belong to more than one group or community at one time. The key element is that the knowledge community is held together through the mutual production and reciprocal exchange of knowledge, says Jenkins. However, Levy makes a distinction between shared knowledge within a group of people that is believed to be true and held in common by the entire group, whereas, collective intelligence where the knowledge is held individually by the members of the group and is shared in response to a specific question.

Mass culture defined by Chegg is the set of ideas and values that develop from a common exposure to the same media, news sources, music, and art. Mass culture is broadcast or otherwise distributed to individuals instead of arising from their day-to-day interactions with each other. Thus, mass culture generally lacks the unique content of local communities and regional cultures. Frequently, it promotes the role of individuals as consumers. With the rise of publishing and broadcasting in the 19th and 20th centuries, the scope of mass culture expanded dramatically. It replaced folklore, which was the cultural mainstream of traditional local societies. With the growth of the Internet since the 1990s, many distinctions between mass media and folklore have become blurred.

Here is a great Video of Examples of Hegemony in Pop Culture:

What is a Convergence Culture?

So what is a converged culture?Jenkins

According to Henry Jenkins a professor of Communication, Journalism, and Cinematic Arts at the University of Southern California, who wrote the book, “Convergence Culture Where Old and New Media Collide’, it is the flow of content across multiple media platforms, the cooperation between multiple media industries, and the migratory behavior of media audiences who would go almost anywhere in search of the kinds of entertainment experiences they wanted. Convergence is a word that manages to describe technological, industrial, cultural, and social changes, depending on who’s speaking and what they think they are talking about. In the world of media convergence, every important story gets told, every brand gets sold, every consumer gets courted across multiple media platforms. Right now, convergence culture is getting defined top-down by decisions being made in corporate boardrooms and bottom-up by decisions made in teenagers’ bedrooms. It is shaped by the desires of media conglomerates to expand their empires across multiple platforms and by the desires of consumers to have the media they want where they want it, when they want it, and in the format they want..

Read more about it: Henry Jenkins blog. henry jenkins

Let’s look deeper into what a converged culture is. First a culture can be defined as a particular society or group of individuals beliefs, way of thinking or behavior. Cultural refers to the way of life for a group of individuals. Converge basically means to come or join together for one purpose or goal. Jenkins describes cultural convergence as an explosion of new forms of creativity at the intersections of various media technologies, industries, and consumers. He believes that media culture is permitting us to be a part of the media we experience and that interactivity is becoming an essential part of the industry. There are five parts of a converged culture that Jenkins states:

  • Technological-digitalization of media- books can be read on tablets, ipads, nooks, ereaders, cellphones, and any electronical or mobile device. read-a-book
  • Economic- creating and using media as business, one company owns and operates more than one aspect of a media, like television, radio, internet and film also known as synergy – Harry Potter books to movie to merchandise to theme park.harry potter fan
  • Social or Organic- the manner we use information or search for usually multitasking using multiple mediums- google, social networks such as Facebook, using ipod for music while searching online.innovativelyorganized
  • Cultural- creating media on a profit scale-Youtube create content, made public, then transformed  into other popular media via social broadcasting and networks.
  • Global- where media contains more than one culture within it- music can contain more than one culture aspect like Jai Ho song by the pussycat dolls combines aspects of Hindu and English culture.pussycatdollsjaiho_1

There you have it.

“Welcome to convergence culture, where old and new media collide, where grassroots and corporate media intersect, where the power of the media producer and the power of the media consumer  interact in unpredictable ways. Convergence culture is the future, but it is taking shape now.”   Henry Jenkins

Internet Invades Television’s Future


“This is some kind of invention we have here.”

Television is probably the greatest and most significant invention of the 20th century. It made its formal debut at the 1939 World’s Fair. Lowell Thomas started the first televised nightly news broadcast on NBC, a live simulcast of his radio program. But during the ’40s television production was hindered due to WWII. However, innovation continued and color was introduced towards the end of the decade.

Now that I have your attention, I will take over your home!

“Now that I have your attention, I will take over your home!”

The ’50s ushered in the golden age of television, with the invention of channel changing remote controls, TV dinners, and TV trays. Television was considered more of an entertainment medium until the 1960s, when the Kennedy assassination changed the angle and power of television. Radio couldn’t show the shooting and newspapers couldn’t capture the moment-by-moment drama. Americans were mesmerized by the news broadcasts, and it changed society, more news was watched; than read in newspapers.

"Harry meets Barbara" NOT Harry meets Sally

“Harry meets Barbara” NOT Harry meets Sally

The ’70s brought home the first video TV game, Pong, and the first direct to broadcast satellite television in 1972. The decade also brought many breakthroughs like Barbara Walters made TV news history when she joined Harry Reasoner at ABC to become the first woman to co-anchor, local stations formed “news teams” to broadcast the news and the spotlight shifted towards bringing people information they wanted to see; versus what they needed to know. At the same time, live microwave trucks allowed local stations to “go live” from the scene at a moment’s notice.

Thank God for CNN or I would never know what is on Twitter

Thank God for CNN or I would never know what is on Twitter

Television innovation had slowed down in the ’80s. Although, budding television accessories increased such as VCRs, Nintendo, and Sega.The booming cable industry spurred the never-ending CNN 24 hour news network. News organizations changed their news format from typical content like news, weather, and sports, to focus more on lifestyle content to improve their viewers lives and wellbeing. Computers entered the newsroom space which helped finding information much quicker and easier.

clinton and monicaWelcome to technology changes in the ’90s, thank you Internet. Computers were becoming affordable and information was readily at our fingertips. For the networks, the 1990s were the decade of  newsmagazines, 20/20, NBC’s Dateline, and 60 minutes.  Investigative tabloid news reporting was bombarding our culture. President Clinton’s sex scandal made top news to attract an audience, who now dramatically had more programs to watch other than newscasts; kudos to cable TV. News stations used email and Web sites to connect with their viewers.  They had no clue about the computer revolution that would challenge their dominance as news providers.

We don't care. We don't have to. We are technology.

We don’t care. We don’t have to. We are technology.

Zoom into the 21st century, we have LCD, plasma, TiVo, home theatres, reality television, smart TVs, Blu-ray, DVRs, HD television, all digital signal, video streaming, and digital recording. Not to mention larger, curved screens with Dolby sound systems that are constantly improving. Web site development allowed video stories to be posted easily, which presented its own dilemma. News organizations have to choose whether to put stories on the Internet immediately to beat their competitors, or hold off until after their on-air broadcasts so that their viewership didn’t suffer. Ever since the televisions introduction, people have been hooked on TV, boob tube, baby-sitter, idiot box, tube and TV set. According to Nielsen more than half of the homes in the United States have three or more televisions.

Nielsen’s 2014 Advance National TV Household Universe Estimate (UE), there are 115.6 million TV homes in the U.S., up 1.2% from the 2012-2013 estimate of 114.2 million. Nielsen estimates that 294 million persons age 2 and older live in these TV homes, an increase of 1.6% from last year.

What has happened to television since the dawn of the 24-hour news cycle? Watching the nightly news is quickly becoming a habit of past generations because today’s news consumers have a wider selection of choices where to get information from.  TV newsrooms are changing their priorities to become information providers across a variety of platforms. Web sites are only part of the delivery system.


Do we hold social media in our hands or does social media have a hold on us?

Facebook, Twitter and other social media are important avenues to secure potential viewers. Mobile devices, from cellphones to tablets, are strategies used to reach people on the go. It’s elementary that traditional TV news won’t last much longer. But the strong stations and networks can improve their odds of being around through the decades by focusing on what has gotten them to this point — solid, accurate reporting that isn’t influenced by outside sources, creative visual presentations and credible newscasters who form long-lasting relationships with their audience.

How has technology (satellite providers, cable, and streaming Internet television) changed our relationship to television, and what will the next decade look like for American culture as represented in this medium? Developing technology and society trends have threatened to derail the industry. Cable and Satellite are usually sold in a package deal featuring a multitude of channels and programs. However, more content does not always equate to what a consumer wants, rendering most of the channels subscribed to as worthless. Also Satellite television does not allow you to watch a different program on another television unless they have a separate box which is a hassle.  The convergence of television and the Internet has compelled TV providers to constantly innovate due to consumers preferences for online and digital platforms. American culture has grown accustomed to technology integrated into their everyday lives therefore, seeking constant engagement and maximizing their time and attention span.

mobile phone streaming

Television? Internet? All at our fingertips.

Mobile devices and social sites have impacted the way individuals interact with media and the world. With a need for convenience, and the opportunity to freely access content without any time restrictions and at a relatively low-cost; online streaming is rapidly gaining popularity as a means of watching TV. In the future, I believe that the television industry is headed towards a paradigm shift, from cable, satellite connections, to Internet platforms. The advancement of creating content and sharing via the Internet, and carry it across multiple devices has simplified it for new players to enter the marketplace of innovation.